Friday, January 21, 2011

The Passive explanation and exercise

The Passive is used when we want to emphasize the object and the action being done rather than the subject of the sentence.   We might not even know who the subject is! 


1. Mr. Pine paints the house purple   The active sentence uses the verb paint. 


2. The house is painted purple.  The passive sentence use the verb is painted. 


We can use the passive with different tenses.  Present, Future and Past. 

Present case is the example above.  The form for the passive is is + Past Participle (Third Form of the Verb -V3)

Past:  Form:  was+ Past Participle (Third Form of the Verb -V3)

The handyman fixed the oven.  Active 
The oven was fixed by the handyman Passive.  

Future  Form:  will (verb  be + (Third Form of the Verb -V3)

Eric will play the part of the leading actor in the new film. 
The part of the leading actor will be played by Eric. 

Present perfect:  Form:  has been + (Third Form of the Verb -V3)
Our team has written the computer program. 
The computer program has been written by our team. 

Modals  Form  modal + be base form of the verb. 
Derek can build model airplanes. 
Modal airplanes can be built by Derek.  


Assignment:  Write 5 pairs of sentences in the passive. 

Present
_________________________________________

________________________________________

Past 

________________________________________

_______________________________________

Present Perfect
_____________________________________

___________________________________
Future 
__________________________________

_________________________________

Modals 

__________________________________

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